On a global level, cooperation will be vital as we navigate various energy problems such as energy security, equity, and climate action where India has taken a big lead through International Solar Alliance with France.
Clearly, if a per capita energy need of a human is to be arrived at, then it cannot be a single figure but a range with an upper and a lower limit and shall also be dependent on whether you are a city, village, or forest dweller in say Siberia or in central India.
A certain narrative is building up in the West, in which India is being portrayed as a villain, along with China, in the ongoing war in Ukraine. A recent article in The New York Times read ‘In Russia’s War, China and India emerge as Financiers’. This is more than disingenuous, and it is vital for things to be put in perspective.