The internet today allows you to perform various tasks with ease. On the other hand, you need to know how to protect your sensitive database from hacking problems. Your business or company should focus more on implementing the best practices to secure your data from hackers. Whether it is a personal computer, desktop, or mobile phone, make sure that you are safe from hacking to avoid loss of data. You should give more priority to data security and protection that will help overcome potential threats.
Here are some things you can follow to secure your database from hacks.
1. Install database firewalls and web application firewall
You should consider installing database firewalls that will help restrict access to traffic by default. Make sure that you receive traffic only from specified applications or webservers that access data. Not only that, you need to protect your database from unauthorized outbound connections with the firewall.
Moreover, you should install a web application firewall to protect your database from certain attacks. Some of them include SQL injection, file inclusion, cookie-poisoning, and XSS that provides ways to obtain optimal results. A web application firewall allows you to monitor and filter the HTTP traffic. It even paves ways to block any malicious attacks that aim to exfiltrate data from your system.
2. Update your operating systems and patches
You should update your operating systems and database software as fast as you can with security patches. This will help discover the most recent vulnerabilities that require more protection from hacking. It is wise for you to test the patches on non-production servers first and detect any patch problems in your mailing lists.
3. Follow a good password policy
You should create strong passwords that are easy to remember and hard to crack. Implement a good password policy in your company that protects the data from hacking. If you are using websites for shopping or banking purposes, then you should consider changing the passwords every couple of days.
4. Monitor and audit database
You should monitor and audit the database continuously that will help detect anomalous activity on your operating systems. Furthermore, you can create alerts for employees to notify them when identifying a potential malicious attack. Effective monitoring allows you to detect the email accounts of your employees when they indulge in suspicious activities.
Besides that, you can even detect the users when they share the accounts after creating an email account without your permission. You should consider installing database activity monitoring software that can help get the desired results.
5. Encrypt data and backups
You should encrypt the data into an unreadable and encoded format that will help get more protection from hacking. Moreover, you should back up your encrypted data that provides an extra security measure. You can create several encrypted backups which contribute more to prevent data from hackers. Backing up your system will help you get high protection from hacking and other problems to a large extent.
6. Check your database settings & configurations
Your system is vulnerable to attacks if your database settings & configurations undergo some changes. Therefore, you should check them properly to detect any sort of changes that will help protect your data from hacks.
7. Use two-factor authentication
Two-factor authentication is one of the best ways to protect data from potential risks. It acts as an extra layer of protection that gives ways to improve your online security. The process involves two steps that allow you to control access to sensitive data.
8. Check your database installations
You should check your database installations regularly to know the weak passwords and misconfigurations. If you use third-party products to install database servers, then you should monitor them to detect any suspicious activities.
9. Check for object & time permissions
You should always check object & time permissions to monitor any errors that occur on your system. Permission changes will always result in misconfigurations and you should fix them as soon as possible to prevent hacks.
10. Build database server honeyspot
You can detect database attacks in your organization by building a database server honeyspot to gain more advantages. This, in turn, gives ways to prevent both internal and external attacks to get maximum protection from attacks.
11. Use third-party tools
If you have few database servers in your company, then you can monitor them manually with some basic tools. On the other hand, you should consider using third-party tools when you have more database servers in your organization.
12. Test your database security
You should consider building a database security infrastructure to prevent data from attackers when they want to steal it. However, it is important to test your database security that will help find missed vulnerabilities on your system. You can hire third-party services for this purpose to ensure high protection.
Originally published at Times of India on oct 06, 2021.