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women's rights

Historical Determinants of Gender Inequality

Although women are disadvantaged in different walks of life everywhere, they enjoy much better status in some societies than others. Perception regarding women’s rights and abilities vary starkly across countries. For instance, while only 1.8% and 5.2% of respondents of the World Values Survey[1] agree with the statements that “men make better political leaders than women do” and “men should have more right to a job than women in times of scarcity” in Iceland, the corresponding numbers are 89.4% and 83% for Egypt. The averages from over 130,000 responses from 83 countries for the two statements are 36.1% and 32.4%, respectively.