India-USA: 2+2 Could be 5

Anil Trigunayat

Indian diplomacy during the Russia-Ukraine crisis has been on a high drive. Recently, she has also been a favorite destination (virtual or physical) for dozens of dignitaries including Prime Ministers of Australia and Japan, special envoys, and foreign ministers, especially from the western capitals, Russia and China to name a few. India’s principled stand for cessation of hostilities, peace, dialogue, diplomacy, and enlightened self-interest on the worsening conflict and Ukrainian humanitarian catastrophe has been acknowledged, even if not liked by some ridden by alliance mindset.

Given the fact that India and Russia have a close and trusted, special, and privileged strategic partnership, it tended to defy the very logic that the Indian stance was not predatory or driven by blind affiliation but set in time. Eventually, the countries are beginning to understand that a stand for sanity in this senseless war and destruction was better than blind condemnation.

Only two decades of recent history proves that those who live in glass houses should not cast a stone on others, be it their manufactured invasions, disinformation warfare, regime change agendas, creating humanitarian mayhem and refugee crisis supposedly for a ‘noble cause’, leaving a trail of death and destruction. Ukraine war is an extension of that by direct means. Only actors have changed. No one condones the invasion nor the humanitarian disaster.

It is in this backdrop that Prime Minister Modi and President Biden had the Virtual Summit at the latter’s initiative, preceded by the famous 2+2 Indo-US dialogue, the highest consulting body, between the foreign and defense ministers of the two sides. India and US relationship has moved into a much higher strategic space in recent times being termed as ‘Global Comprehensive Strategic Partnership’. The pivot towards India became sharper as the US ascertained its bets and challenges in the Indo-Pacific.

We are natural partners for a good cause, being the greatest and largest democracies. But the fundamental tenet of democracy is the implicit right to differ and be held in deference by the other side. Unfortunately, that goes away the moment one superpower begins to look through the prism of alliance architecture and ‘my way or the highway’, if you tend to differ.

India probably looks at it in a more sincere way and thinks of the legendary friendship between Lord Krishna and his schoolmate poor Sudama. India acknowledges that in any partnership strategic or otherwise there would be times when one has to yield, understand and respect the other opinion. Equality and mutual respect and regard for sensitivities are important for any relationship to succeed. This is what could make 2+2 into 5.

PM Modi in his opening statement took the bull by the horn clearly articulating India’s position on the Ukraine issue, which was later elaborated by his brilliant External Affairs Minister Dr. S Jaishankar during discussions in the US. PM Modi recounted the efforts made by India during his several talks with President Putin and President Zelensky to cease hostilities, return to dialogue, diplomacy, and avert and attend to the humanitarian crisis that this war has caused so far. More is likely to come if the war is not stopped.

PM Modi enjoys a good personal rapport with President Putin and can have plain-speaking with him. But mere talks at this level may not fructify into anything significant if the geo-political games continued to be played out by the West trying to push Putin into the corner or even pushed out of that. Several other countries like Turkey and Israel are offering guarantees for the security of Ukraine if a neutral Ukraine becomes a reality. India could become a partner in such an enterprise keeping with its global role for peace, respect for sovereignty, and territorial integrity.

India also called out the hypocrisy and double standards of the West when Dr. Jai Shankar, in response to a question regarding India’s purchase of Russian oil, retorted that they should be directing the question toward Europe as what India imports in a month from Russia they do it in an afternoon. India was somewhat peeved by the holier than thou and sermonizing approach of some US officials who continued to dangle, even if in a clandestine manner, the threat of secondary or tertiary sanctions should India do business with Russia including the Rupee-Ruble trade bypassing the US-dominated SWIFT. It conveniently forgot that while India barely imported 1-2% from Russia out of its 85% import dependency and of that 10-11% is received from Uncle Sam himself.

Symbolism and not substance have become the hallmark of international discourse.  Fortunately, seeing the Indian logical and firm stance, the US spokesman clarified that oil and gas were out of the purview of the sanctions as of now and each country has its own policies and interests even if Washington would want them not to source additional requirements from Russia. They confirmed that India was not violating any sanctions. Pushing India will only provoke Newton’s third law.

Global powers must also calibrate their judgment rationally. In a real political and strategic sense, Washington values India in the Indo-Pacific context. Hence, free and open Indo-Pacific, containing Chinese aggression, ASEAN centrality, collaboration across critical technologies, creation of alternate value supply chains in vaccines, healthcare, and rare earth, and to continue to work together in the global challenges like climate change and counter-terrorism remains the major bulwark for cooperation within the QUAD, which already has had three quick summits and the fourth is due in Japan later in the year. Both sides admit that a lot is on the plate to collaborate for mutual benefits.

As President Biden and the several officials in his administration consider India as a very important partner in their strategic objectives, it seemed that the bilateral Virtual Summit and physical 2+2 have buried the hatchet and agreed to address more vitiating challenges, by identifying converges where it really must and agree to disagree where it could.  India believes in respect and the right to strategic autonomy. Then only the sky can be the limit for this relationship, as the transitional global order settles down into a new paradigm shift.

This article was first published in the Chanakya forum as India-USA: 2+2 Could be 5 on 14th April 2022

Read more by Anil Trigunayat at IMPRI Insights on Expected Disquietude: India’s Concerns amidst the Russia-Ukraine Conflict

Read another piece on the 2022 Winter Olympics by Anil Trigunayat titled Diplomatic Boycott of 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing in IMPRI Insights

Read another piece on Central Asia by Anil Trigunayat Third India-Central Asia Dialogue: Reshaping Central Asia Policy of India in IMPRI Insights

Read another piece on India and the Gulf Countries by Anil Trigunayat India and Gulf countries move into strategic orbit in IMPRI Insights

About the Author
Anil Trigunayat

Anil Trigunayat Former Indian Ambassador to Jordan, Libya, and Malta, associated with several think tanks and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry.