Perils of climate change in the Bay of Bengal: India–Bangladesh in perspective

While the whole of the globe is and would be affected by climate change at different levels and stages, the Bay of Bengal is one region which is extremely vulnerable and susceptible to the phenomenon and its variability. This paper geographically delineates the key issues of climate change and studies the socio-economic and environmental impact that the fury of climate change has brought to the Bay of Bengal region especially in Bangladesh and India. It adopts descriptive and analytical methods and situates the inquiry in light of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations. The paper provides relevant policy prescriptions as the way forward on adapting the entire gamut of life of humanity to climate change in the region.

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.

Notes on contributors

Simi Mehta is the CEO and Editorial Director of the Impact and Policy Research Institute (IMPRI), New Delhi. She holds a PhD in American Studies from School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, and was a Fulbright Fellow at Ohio State University, USA. Her areas of research include US and India’s agriculture and foreign policies, international security studies, sustainable development, climate change, gender justice, urban environment and food security.

Vikash Kumar is an Assistant Professor at Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID), Chandigarh. He is also a Visiting Fellow (Honorary) at IMPRI, New Delhi. He holds a PhD in South Asian Studies from School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University. His areas of research include public policy, human rights, climate change, sustainable development, regional cooperation, and migration studies in South Asia.


  • Ritika Gupta

    Ritika Gupta is a senior research assistant at Impact and Policy Research Institute. Her research Interests include Gender Studies, Public Policy and Development, Climate Change and Sustainable Development.

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