Navigating the Intersection: Public Policy Careers for Life Sciences Students in India

Dr Arjun Kumar


In a world where the intersection of science and society becomes increasingly critical, life science students in India find themselves at a crossroads with a myriad of career possibilities. While traditional paths within laboratories and research institutions beckon, there’s a burgeoning avenue that offers a unique blend of science and societal impact – careers in public policy.

Understanding Public Policy:

Public policy refers to the decisions and actions taken by governments to address societal issues. It encompasses a wide range of areas, including healthcare, environmental protection, education, and more. Life science students can play a pivotal role in shaping these policies, bridging the gap between scientific advancements and their practical implementation for the betterment of society.

Why Public Policy for Life Science Graduates?

  1. Addressing Real-World Issues: Life science graduates possess a deep understanding of biological systems, health, and environmental challenges. By entering public policy, they can directly contribute to creating solutions for pressing issues, such as healthcare accessibility, environmental sustainability, and biotechnology regulation.
  2. Science-Driven Decision Making: Public policy benefits immensely from evidence-based decision-making. Life science students bring a scientific perspective to policy discussions, ensuring that decisions are grounded in research and data. This integration of scientific knowledge into policy formulation is crucial for effective governance.
  3. Advocacy for Science and Health: As advocates for science and health, life science professionals in public policy can influence the development of policies that prioritize public well-being. This includes healthcare reforms, disease prevention strategies, and ensuring the ethical use of biotechnological advancements.

Career Paths in Public Policy for Life Science Graduates:

  1. Health Policy Analyst: Life science graduates can specialize in health policy analysis, working on strategies to improve healthcare systems, address public health crises, and ensure equitable access to medical services.
  2. Environmental Policy Specialist: With expertise in biology and environmental science, graduates can contribute to the development of policies focused on environmental conservation, sustainable development, and combating climate change.
  3. Biotechnology Policy Advisor: In the rapidly evolving field of biotechnology, professionals can engage in policy discussions surrounding ethical considerations, safety regulations, and the responsible use of biotechnological innovations.
  4. Science Communication and Policy Advocacy: Graduates can bridge the communication gap between scientists and policymakers. This role involves translating complex scientific concepts into accessible language for policymakers and the general public.
  5. Regulatory Affairs Manager: Regulatory affairs professionals ensure that new drugs, medical devices, and biotechnological products comply with government regulations. Life science graduates can play a crucial role in navigating these regulatory frameworks.

Challenges and Opportunities:

While the prospect of a career in public policy for life science students in India is promising, there are challenges to be mindful of. Navigating bureaucratic processes, addressing policy inertia, and influencing political decisions can be daunting. However, the opportunities to make a lasting impact on society are immense.

  1. Skill Enhancement: Life science graduates interested in public policy should consider acquiring additional skills such as data analysis, policy evaluation, and communication. These skills enhance their effectiveness in the policy landscape.
  2. Networking and Collaboration: Building connections with policymakers, NGOs, and fellow professionals is crucial. Collaborative efforts allow life science graduates to leverage collective expertise for informed policy recommendations.
  3. Policy Internships and Fellowships: Gaining practical experience through internships and fellowships in governmental bodies, think tanks, or non-profit organizations can provide invaluable insights and open doors to future opportunities.


Embarking on a career in public policy offers life science graduates in India a unique chance to transcend the confines of the laboratory and contribute directly to societal well-being. By leveraging their scientific expertise, these professionals can shape policies that have a lasting impact on healthcare, the environment, and the ethical use of scientific advancements. As the world grapples with complex challenges, the fusion of life sciences and public policy emerges as a powerful force for positive change.

Dr Arjun Kumar is the Director of the IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi.

Disclaimer: All views expressed in the article belong solely to the author and not necessarily to the organisation.

This article was posted by Tanu Paliwal , a research intern at IMPRI.

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