Supreme Court Verdict on Same-Sex Union: Navigating its Impact, Implications and Future Ahead

Event Report
Rehmat Arora

A Panel Discussion on Supreme Court Verdict on Same-Sex Union: Navigating its Impact, Implications and Future Ahead was conducted by the Gender Impact Studies Center (GISC), IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi on October 30, 2023.

Supreme Court Verdict on Same-Sex Union: Navigating its Impact, Implications and Future Ahead

An enlightening panel discussion and book release event took place to address the recent Supreme Court verdict on same-sex unions and to introduce “Beyond Binaries: Understanding Sexual Identities and Queer Rights Issues in India,” co-authored by Prof. Vibhuti Patel, Dr. Simi Mehta, Vithita Jha, and Samriddhi Sharma. This profound gathering brought together leading figures in the LGBTQI+ rights movement, passionate activists, and distinguished academics.

The panel, chaired by Prof. Vibhuti Patel, included esteemed panellists: Manvendra Singh Gohil, Chairperson, Lakshaya Trust; Maya Awasthi, Co-founder, Transgender Welfare Equity and Empowerment Trust (tweet) Foundation; Harish Iyer, Petitioner, Marriage Equality; Head DE&I, Axis Bank; Equal Rights Activist; Core advisory committee, LGBT issues, NHRC; Rituparna Neog, Intersectional Queer Feminist Activist; Founder & Director, Akam Foundation; and Vyjayanti Vasanta Mogli, Human Rights & RTI Activist, Member of the Telangana State Board for Transgender Persons; LGBTQI+ Activist; Founding member, Telangana Hijra Transgender Samiti, Hyderabad.

Exploring the Supreme Court Verdict

The event commenced with an engaging discussion about the recent Supreme Court verdict on same-sex unions initiated by Dr. Patel. Panelists rigorously analysed the judgment, examining its strengths and weaknesses. There was a unanimous sentiment among the panellists that the judgment’s haste in addressing complex issues may have resulted in the oversight of crucial aspects. It was emphasized that an inclusive and compassionate approach towards LGBTQI+ rights is indispensable. The legal framework must evolve to become more accommodating and supportive of diverse sexual identities.

Unpacking the Impact

The impact of the Supreme Court verdict on LGBTQI+ individuals was central to the discussions. The panellists extensively highlighted the implications of the judgment, encompassing their rights, societal acceptance, and access to essential resources. Concerns were expressed about the divisions it created and the necessity for rectification. A prevailing theme throughout the discussion was the acknowledgement of the intersectionality of identities. LGBTQI+ individuals often occupy multiple marginalized spaces, which must be recognized in policy and legal frameworks.

Contemplating Political and Legislative Routes

Panellists contemplated the possibility of exploring legislative routes as a comprehensive means to address LGBTQI+ rights. Engaging with political representatives and decision-makers emerged as a significant point of discussion. It was underscored that proactive advocacy and dialogue with political stakeholders can bring substantial changes to the legal landscape. Creating political will is the initial step toward progress.

Empowerment and Social Security

The event also delved into the pressing need for social security and empowerment measures for LGBTQI+ individuals. The panellists acknowledged that certain states, such as Tamil Nadu and Kerala, have taken significant steps in this direction and set examples for others to follow. Leveraging the support of the private sector and international organizations can enhance opportunities for skill development, entrepreneurship, and access to existing social welfare schemes for transgender individuals.

Learning from History

A historical perspective was introduced, comparing the current LGBTQI+ rights struggle to past challenges faced by marginalized groups, particularly women. The discussion pointed out that change is an incremental process, and societal structures take time to evolve. Drawing parallels with women’s rights struggles, the panellists emphasized that acceptance and equality for LGBTQI+ individuals will also require time and persistent efforts.

Book Release: “Beyond Binaries: Understanding Sexual Identities and Queer Rights Issues in India”

The event marked the release of the book “Beyond Binaries,” authored by Prof. Vibhuti Patel, Dr. Simi Mehta, Vithita Jha, and Samriddhi Sharma. The book offers a comprehensive exploration of sexual identities and queer rights issues in India. It is a valuable resource that contributes to a deeper understanding of these critical matters.


The panel discussion and book release event served as a platform for deep discussions on LGBTQI+ rights, the recent Supreme Court verdict, and the path forward. A resounding message echoed throughout the urgent need for inclusive, empowering, and comprehensive policies that safeguard and uphold the rights of LGBTQI+ individuals. The event concluded with a renewed commitment from all participants to work collectively towards building a more inclusive, accepting, and equitable society for everyone.

In this transformative event, the distinguished panellists brought their unique insights and experiences, providing a roadmap for addressing the current LGBTQI+ rights issues. The discussion underscored that embracing change and nurturing a more inclusive and supportive society requires collective effort, sustained advocacy, and a commitment to justice and equality. The panellists’ deep engagement with the Supreme Court verdict and the release of “Beyond Binaries” sent a powerful message that the journey towards equal rights is ongoing and must continue with unwavering determination.

The event was a testament to the significance of open dialogue and the impact it can have on advocating for LGBTQI+ rights. The coming together of activists, academics, and community members to reflect on the Supreme Court verdict and the release of an insightful book was a momentous occasion, propelling the conversation on LGBTQI+ rights in India to a new level. The collective commitment to furthering this cause is a beacon of hope for a more inclusive and equal future for all.

Acknowledgment: Rehmat Arora is a research Intern at IMPRI.

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