NITI Aayog’s Role in The Amrit Kaal

Session Report
Samprikta Banerjee

A One-Month Immersive Online Intermediate Certificate Training Course and Online International Autumn School Program on, Contours of the Public Policy in India in the Amrit Kaal was conducted by the Center for the Study of Finance and Economics (CSFE), IMPRI, Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi from September 1 to September 30, 2023.

On Day 5, there were three speaker sessions lined up, the first one being the Role of Niti Aayog in the Amrit Kaal by Ms Urvashi Prasad, Director, Office of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog, New Delhi. She began her session with greetings to the chair, the moderator and IMPRI.

The Amrit Kaal: India’s Chance to Thrive

Ms Urvashi Prasad began by briefing about the basic interpretation of Amrit Kaal which primarily denoted the 25 years of year span leading up to the 100th year of India’s Independence in 2047. The honourable Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has stated in relation to the Amrit Kaal that these 25 years should be treated as crucially and with as much importance and significance as the 25 years just before India gained Independence in 1947, when India was able to partake a mass mobilisation of efforts leading to Independence.

He stated that in a similar fashion, the citizens of India should try and pull in all their resources and efforts towards making India a developed country by 2047, actualising the promise of a “Viksit Bharat” as an ultimate goal.

The speaker then moves on to explain the aspects that actually constitute the characteristics that pertain to the goal of achieving a “Viksit Bharat”, that not only includes improvement in Economic parameters, like GDP but also, social development, human development, environmental protection and prevention of degradation measures, etc.

Role of NITI Aayog in Paving Way to Viksit Bharat

NITI Aayog’s contribution to framing a “Viksit Bharat” has been quintessential and manifold wherein, it not only assists the Central Government with policy suggestions but also works directly with the states as India grows when its states grow considering the huge number of states present in India. Keeping this in mind, NITI Aayog has launched the State Support Mission in the Union Budget by setting up similar State Transformation centres at the State Level as NITI Aayog is to the Centre. These centres are going to provide expertise, strategy formation, etc. to the states to work efficiently in the Amrit Kaal so that they can chart out their own development trajectory.

NITI Aayog is assisting the States with financial resources for the same and guiding them to tie up with the right kind of partners, and knowledge institutions so that the best of the knowledge that exists in the outside world can be brought into the policy-making sphere.

Another initiative of NITI Aayog aims to focus highly on local and grassroots governance where it has been maintaining the Aspirational Districts Programme since 2018 and based on its success, has launched the Aspirational Blocks Programme to accelerate the performance of blocks. NITI Aayog is also looking at how it can accelerate the performance of the SDGs by timely monitoring the performance of key indicators of States and the Centre and chalking out measures required in areas where performance is somewhat lacking.

Conclusion

She highlighted the positive effects of this State upliftment programme wherein NITI Aayog can learn and practice the best practices, and disseminate good practices among states derived from one state sharing it with the other. Majorly NITI’s role in this period is about channelising the contributions from all the possible stakeholders as their role lies in converging the different resources available within the government.

She concluded her speech with the fact that the mass mobilisation that the Prime Minister suggested is the ultimate driving force and the basis on which NITI has been planning its agendas to foster inclusive and overall development by making the most of this Amrit Kaal. The session formally ended with an interactive Q&A session wherein the speaker answered the intriguing questions of the audience and fostered engagement and interaction in the session. 

Acknowledgement: Samprikta Banerjee is a research intern at IMPRI.

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