Unveiling Opportunities: Public Policy Careers for Economics Students in India

Dr Arjun Kumar


In a rapidly evolving global landscape, the role of public policy has become increasingly vital in shaping the trajectory of nations. For students of economics in India, a career in public policy offers an exciting avenue to apply economic principles to real-world challenges and contribute to sustainable development. This article explores the diverse opportunities available in the field and highlights how IMPRI (Impact and Policy Research Institute) online courses can serve as a valuable resource for aspiring policy professionals.

Understanding the Intersection of Economics and Public Policy:

Economics forms the backbone of public policy, providing the analytical tools and frameworks needed to assess the impact of policies on individuals, businesses, and the overall economy. As a student of economics, delving into public policy allows you to bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge and practical implementation, creating a tangible impact on society.

Career Opportunities in Public Policy for Economics Students:

1. Government Agencies:  

 Economics graduates can find rewarding careers in various government agencies, contributing to the design and implementation of economic policies. This includes roles in ministries of finance, planning, and commerce, where professionals analyze economic indicators, formulate budgets, and develop strategies to promote economic growth.

2. Think Tanks and Research Organizations:  

Think tanks and research organizations play a crucial role in shaping policy discourse. Economics students can engage in research and analysis, providing evidence-based recommendations to policymakers. IMPRI online courses can enhance research skills, offering a practical understanding of policy analysis.

3. International Organizations:  

Organizations like the United Nations, World Bank, and International Monetary Fund seek economists with a strong policy background. These roles involve working on global economic issues, contributing to the development of policies that address challenges such as poverty, inequality, and climate change.

4. Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs):  

NGOs focused on economic development often require professionals who understand the intricacies of economic policies. Economics graduates can work on projects related to poverty alleviation, sustainable development, and social justice.

5. Corporate Sector:  

Corporations also value professionals with a background in economics and public policy. Many companies engage in corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives, and economists can contribute by aligning business strategies with socially responsible practices.

Leveraging IMPRI Online Courses for Skill Enhancement:

IMPRI offers a range of online courses that complement the skill set required for a successful career in public policy. These courses cover topics such as policy analysis, research methodology, and sustainable development, providing a comprehensive understanding of the policy landscape in India.

1. Policy Analysis and Implementation:  

IMPRI’s courses on policy analysis equip students with the tools to critically evaluate policies, considering economic implications and societal impact. This skill is essential for economists aiming to contribute to effective policy implementation.

2. Research Methodology in Development Studies:  

Research skills are paramount in the field of public policy. IMPRI’s courses on research methodology provide practical insights into designing and conducting research, preparing students for roles that involve data-driven decision-making.

3. Sustainable Development and Social Impact:  

As economic considerations increasingly intertwine with sustainability, IMPRI’s courses on sustainable development offer valuable insights. Economics students can explore the intersection of economic growth and environmental stewardship, contributing to holistic policy solutions.


For economics students in India, a career in public policy represents a dynamic and impactful pathway. The multifaceted nature of policy work aligns seamlessly with the analytical skills honed during economic studies. Leveraging online courses provided by institutions like IMPRI can empower aspiring policy professionals with the practical knowledge and expertise needed to navigate the complexities of public policy in India. As the nation continues its journey of development, economists equipped with a strong policy foundation will play a pivotal role in shaping a sustainable and inclusive future.

Dr Arjun Kumar is the Director of the IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi.

Disclaimer: All views expressed in the article belong solely to the author and not necessarily to the organisation.

This article was posted by Tanu Paliwal , a research intern at IMPRI.

Read more by the author: Navigating Green Horizons: Careers in Public Policy for Environmental Studies Students in India.

Careers in Public Policy for Data Analytics Students: Navigating the Intersection.


  • IMPRI Desk
  • Arjun Kumar

    Arjun Kumar is the Director of the Impact and Policy Research Institute (IMPRI), New Delhi. He holds a PhD in Economics from the Centre for the Study of Regional Development, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi. With training in development economics, he specialises in quantitative and qualitative research methods, econometrics and the use of statistical software to crunch big data. He has been a Visiting Faculty at the Institute for Human Development (IHD) amongst others and has been associated with several think tanks, research institutes, governments, civil society organisations, and private enterprises. He is President of a Jharkhand based NGO (registered in 2010), Manavdhara- a youth social organisation working for humanitarian causes in backward regions and for marginalised communities. He has also taught Economics at the University of Delhi. His research interests are in the economy, development studies, housing and basic amenities, urban and regional research, inclusive and sustainable development, data and evidence-based policy, and, research methods. He has several research publications to his credit and has experience of being involved in research projects of international and national repute. He is also a member and part of various government and non-government formed committees, groups, and advisory boards overseeing the deliberation as subject matter expert and for possessing strong research acumen. He is an avid writer and frequently writes on various dimensions of economic issues, policies, and their impact for several eminent media platforms.

    View all posts

    IMPRI, a startup research think tank, is a platform for pro-active, independent, non-partisan and policy-based research. It contributes to debates and deliberations for action-based solutions to a host of strategic issues. IMPRI is committed to democracy, mobilization and community building.

    View all posts