Mr. Tikender Singh Panwar provides a historical perspective on the development of cities in India, highlighting the evolution of urbanization, governance structures, and urban design. He begins with ancient civilizations, such as Mohenjo-Daro, emphasizing that even in these early times, urban planning and architectural skills were evident. He points out that early cities in India were not necessarily ruled by a single autocrat but had participatory and democratic elements.
The session was opened by Prof Mukul Asher Former Professor Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore; Visiting Distinguished Professor, IMPRI. For the day7, he introduced the two major issues that are of High degree significance for India and one of which is the environment and Public policy. India needs to make progress in the environment Arena for its own National goals. Another issue, which is very domestic, that enough attention is not paid to India’s Urban-rural bodies and their governance.
Prof. Patel started with the reservation policy which is affirmative action to compensate for historical injustices. The Indian constitution provides provisions which allows the Union government and the states and territories of India to set reserved quotas or seats, at a particular percentage in Education admissions, employments, political bodies, promotions, etc., for “socially and educationally backward citizens.” She also highlighted the first population policy of India which came in 1952. India was the first post colonial nation to adopt Family Planning. NITI Ayog and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare decide the population stabilization policies in India.
On Day 6 of the Fundamentals of Public Policy, an immersive online spring school programme, organized by the Impact and Policy Research Institute (IMPRI), New Delhi, an insightful session on Social security and Public Policy was led by Mr. Sandeep Chachra. The discussion began with the evolution of social security and where it lies in history. While social welfare provisions have existed in all civilizations, the evolution of modern social security can be traced back to the early days of capitalism around the end of 16th century.
A four week immersive Online Introductory Certificate Course on Fundamentals of Public Policy organised by the Impact and Policy Research Institute has been a remarkable event. There were eight sessions in total, of which 18th of March saw three of the most distinguished speakers. The event was chaired by Prof. Mukul Asher, Former Professor, NUS Singapore & IMPRI.
DIPLOMACY IN CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION • Decarbonization or Energy Transition or Climate Change Mitigation -Reducing the emission of the main greenhouse gas (GHG), carbon dioxide. • Energy Security - Assurance of adequate energy to meet long-term demand • Externality -A side effect of someone's activity that benefits or hurts others without cost to either side • Free-rider Problem - Market failure of public goods • Ordinal Number - The use of numbers only
IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi, during the timespan of 3rd March to 25th March 2023. The program included an insightful and enriching discussion delivered by eminent speakers, where the Dr. Amar Jesani presented on the topic “Health and Public Policy”. The session was opened with introductory and welcoming remarks from Professor Mukul Asher and was further moderated by him.